SFB 1313 Publication "Asymptotic expansion for convection-dominated transport in a thin graph-like junction"

June 24, 2024 /

Authors: Taras Mel’nyk, Christian Rohde | Scientific Journal: Analysis and Applications

New SFB 1313 publication, published in "Analysis and Applications". The work has been developed by researchers involved in Project Areas B, and an internal research project. 

Asymptotic expansion for convection-dominated transport in a thin graph-like junction



We consider a parabolic convection–diffusion problem with small Péclet number in a three-dimensional graph-like junction consisting of thin curvilinear cylinders with small radii  connected through a domain (node). Inhomogeneous Robin type boundary conditions, that involve convective and diffusive fluxes, are prescribed both on the lateral surfaces  of the thin cylinders and the boundary of the node. The asymptotic behavior of the solution is studied as the diffusion coefficients are eliminated and the thin junction is shrunk into a three-part graph connected in a single vertex. A rigorous procedure for the construction of the complete asymptotic expansion of the solution is developed and the corresponding energy and uniform pointwise estimates are proved. Depending on the directions of the limit convective fluxes, the corresponding limit problems are derived in the form of first-order hyperbolic differential equations on the one-dimensional branches with novel gluing conditions at the vertex. These generalize the classical Kirchhoff transmission conditions and might require the solution of a three-dimensional cell-like problem associated with the vertex to account for the local geometric inhomogeneity of the node and the physical processes in the node. The asymptotic ansatz consists of three parts, namely, the regular part, node-layer part, and boundary-layer one. Their coefficients are classical solutions to mixed-dimensional limit problems. The existence and other properties of those solutions are analyzed.

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